Where we are right now? Are we living in safe, stable, advanced and developed world? From the technology development and the widespread use of Internet, Facebook and other mass media such as CNN, BBC, or Channel News Asia, one would feel like we have living a better and well informed world. On the other hand, if one looks at the news that are reporting every day big proportion of it are violence, conflicts, environmental pollution, disaster, earthquake, draught, flood, hunger and shortage of clean water etc. Between these two trends which is developing faster? Which one draws more attention from young generation? What should be done with these countless problems? How about other problems such as transnational crime, extremist groups and too much nationalism??? These are all problems that need be dealt with by young generation.
On the other hand, global issues such as global terrorism, global warming, and global climate change, HIV/AIDS and other diseases, and the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction are permanent and very powerful crises. They have developed and moved respect no national borders. For instance, the implication of the spreading of HIV/AIDS into any angle of the world has drawn people’s anxiety and attention from everywhere no matter they are the poor Africans or Asians. The example of widespread of HIV/AIDS reminds many state-governments that a ‘go alone policy’ would be compatible for only minor and local issues such as education or land management but very incompatible for major global issues like global warming, and it also suggests that states should join hand in hand if it wants to make global issues be combatable. Global issues throughout the world are making this into an increasingly borderless, or making a diverse and isolated become a world united for some instances such as global warming, widespread of HIV/AIDS and global terrorism. As a result of these issues, it has put most of the sovereign states to reconfigure its position and role in the international arena. Most of the sovereign states generally began admitting their inability to get global issues solved because they are no longer the single, powerful actor. The U.S, for a clear instance, had enjoyed the honey moon period for two centuries by the protection of two great oceans, friendly neighbors and progressive growth. However, it has changed today. The world’s only superpower American’s home is vulnerable to various threats ranging from terrorist attacks to pandemic influencza to financial crisis etc. America cannot unilaterally hold them because these are not private problems but worldwide and it requires international cooperation and shared responsibility for solutions to be found.
The spread of global issues such as environmental deterioration, pandemics, and the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction has constituted collective dilemmas which no individual state can solve on its own but rather through cooperation. That is why many states rather recognized the essential needs of mutual support and cooperation from other concern, independent states and nonstate actors, civil society, and transnational networks to tackle these unprecedented crises. It thus would mean that powerful states are still very powerful and can go alone to deal with local or regional issues like the U.S did for centuries but they could not ignore the participation or at least the interests of the many poor nations in Africa and Asia if they really want to win the fighting over any global issues.