In recent decades, there has been a growth of social science research on the causes of violent conflicts and the conditions for conflict or war prevention. Knowledge of peace is consequently at its edge and that peace becomes more predictable. The secret of creating peace has been revealed as such. Particularly speaking, to make peace and keep it stable such variables as higher per-capita GDP, better education, the inclusion of women, religious group, ethnic minorities in the public life of a society and many other specific (f)actors must be well installed. In addition, it is accepted that to help governments function effectively, achieve economic progress and improve quality of life decision-making over the allocation of development resources must be based broad consensus in society. Allowing citizens to involve in country’s matter would make them feel part of the society, part the solution, and that society will be part of their product which they will take care of it without any order from the top. They would feel it is their obligation to defend what they have created for their next generation.
If this early statement is true, it is human agency (developing leadership among people) that play role to enhance and promote all of these missions which finally create a society of peace and stability. Human agency, as commonly named by international organizations, NGOs, government and individuals entails meaningful and encourages to participate in socio-economic and political activity. It basically facilitates people to have a more say in all of the decisions which shape their lives and allows government authority to keep both eyes on their policy whether it works out all right. Through its various features, human agency theoretically enhances people’s voice and influences their governments’ current and future policy, especially in economic sphere. This involvement will help ensure that resource allocation and service delivery are more responsive to citizens’ needs. It also gives the privilege to citizens follow up the proposed or promulgated law, whether policy or laws are well designed and completely works for everyone with no regard to all sorts of discrimination. After all, good governance creates a society of order, security, growth and stable peace providing the active inclusion of walks of lives in the decisions that affect their lives.
The development of a complete human agency or leadership in human results in real peace, real harmony, and real liberation. Leadership closely links to peace and helps containing war. It is a requirement to use human agency or wiser leadership if a state, especially postconflict one, wishes to build peace and keep it long last. Just like what most people accept that root causes of conflict must be eliminated if they are about to build lasting peace, leadership works at grassroots level and touches on these fundamental issues. Intrinsically, living a life of morality, respect human rights and openness is leadership that is why, to preserve the strength of the peace for long time, leadership is the best tool to remove the seeds of disagreement that leads to fragile tension.
In sum, the usefulness of leadership in establishing a durable peace is huge. As emphasized by many scholars that leadership is a pre-requisite that ensures peace and development when all voices, especially the poorest and the most vulnerable, are heard in decision-making over the allocation of development resources. A state or people can only prosper and stable when leadership ability are ensured and spread to each beings. The core important steps to constructively build peace are to build it at the grassroots by empowering the community, integrated and collaborative institutions and the like which enable people to directly involve, especially in decision-making. And it is leadership that could make this job done. Leadership is introduced to enhance equity, alleviate poverty and continuously improve the quality of life.
It is noteworthy to remember that leadership is a process, not an event. It is more a verb than a noun, more a way of progressing than a finished and conclusion. This means the theoretical concepts of leadership is perfect but it does not guarantee a satisfied outcome. Only when all elements prescribed in leadership are implemented with a set of time then a dream of stability, growth, mutual trust, and peace could be realized.