Prof. Pei says to be careful, should take lessons from Dengism. Although he led the economic spurt of China, but undermined political freedom. These are the consequences that are felt now:
China has recently held a number of serious, high profile ceremonies, hardly noticed by the outside world, in honor of the 110th anniversary of former leader Deng Xiaoping birth. But as with most political celebrations in China these days, few bother to think about what is celebrated - and what that meant for Deng leadership actually. The truth is that while Deng deserves recognition for China back from the abyss of Maoism to have brought his approach - "Deng Ism" or authoritarian developmentalism - Disabled now China's prospects.
Distinguishing Deng reformer from Dengism the governmental philosophy is not an empty academic exercise. Deng, who risks his authority and that of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) to break with convention and Maoist launch China's economic revolution, died in 1997. Dengism that emphasizes the goal of modernization under a strong one-party state, further to make China's governance system.
Deng, who declared known: "A cat the color does not matter as long as it catches mice", is generally remembered as an unabashed pragmatist. But pragmatists have core principles that limit their actions, and Deng was no exception. Two ideas were irrefutable: the CCP could keep their power only through the provision of economic development, and China could modernize only under a strong one-party system.
So rejection of democracy in some form was of fundamental importance to Deng position. Although he supported the reform as an instrument of modernization, Deng was sure that the rule of law are not allowed to limit the power of the CCP.
The political failure of Deng are as bad as the economic success under him:
The slow pace of reforms Deng frustrated so much so that, in the late 1980s, he asked the reformist Premier Zhao Ziyang a secret high-level task force to lead options for more radical changes to examine - this time directly targeting the political system. But if the group claims that progress in the upgrading of the installation would require some democratic principles and the rule of law, Deng immediately raised the initiative. His view that the modernization requires concentrated power in the hands of a single party to hold it failed to anticipate the threat that a predator would constitute state to sustainable development.
Herein lies the tragedy of Dengism. It gained credibility from the fact that its creator dismantled a cruel and destructive system, leaving more wealth and humane China. But that credibility was used to justify the maintenance of a system that now hinders China's further progress.
Dengism the greatest intellectual failure is their inability to account for the potential of uncontrolled greed and corruption to promote among the ruling elites. His greatest political failure is its resistance to the democratic reforms necessary to limit this power.
While Deng was inherent in the rule Dengism contradictions and limits less obvious. Finally, the Chinese people had been displaced for so long that economic reforms alone represented a major step forward. In fact, to create space for individual creativity and entrepreneurship, it triggered a historically unprecedented period of rapid growth that lifted out of poverty of millions of Chinese.
But the lack of political reforms meant that there was nothing to stop by the ruling elites a disproportionate share of the new wealth appropriates. Recent revelations of systemic corruption at all levels of government show that the biggest threat to China's long-term economic success is the undisputed, unruly party state.
Lessons for the current China Director:
The good news is that President Xi Jinping seems to recognize this problem. Beyond receiving Deng jacket market-oriented economic reforms in pursuit, he leads a bold anti-corruption campaign is to come since power. In July he launched a formal investigation into a Chinese Communist Party's most senior figures, Zhou Yongkang - a testament to its commitment to eradicate abuses of power.
Xi wish China to be next great reformer, why can his government has invested so much energy Deng benefits in lauding. It is hoped that he will continue to emulate Deng to be distorted without its approach Dengism.
The author missed how blind experts promote Dengism to ignore this aspect completely.
In India, several commentators have blindly following Deng. Some even say when it comes to choosing between economic progress and social unrest should people vote for former! Economic development is only useful if it's the social harmony and government is not too onerous. You always hear stories about social unrest in China. These things are happening over a long-term and catastrophic consequences.